Immigration Law Blog

 

Despite Promises from City Officials, Documents Reveal Close Relationship Between ICE and the Boston Police Department

According to reporting from WBUR News, the Boston Police Department and U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) have a much closer—and much more disturbing—relationship than has previously been disclosed. New documents obtained by WBUR News show that a high-ranking Boston police officer is working directly with ICE, helping the agency pursue detainers and carry forward deportation operations against immigrants who have only been accused with non-felony, non-violent offenses. 

Boston Police Helped ICE Pursue Immigrants Charged With Minor Offenses

Similar to many other major cities across the country, Boston has made a commitment to protecting immigrants. Indeed, in response to the Trump Administration’s harsh rhetoric, Boston Mayor Marty Walsh has publicly stated that the city police department will limit its cooperation with ICE—only helping the agency pursue action against immigration charged with violent offenses. 

However, new evidence calls these promises into question. WBUR News has obtained more than 800 pages of communications between ICE and Boston Police Sergeant Gregory Gallagher. Until this week, Mr. Gallagher was the Boston Police Department’s sole ICE Liaison. In the documents, Mr. Gallagher gives the names, addresses, and other sensitive personal information of Boston immigrants who were charged with non-felony, non-violent offenses directly to ICE. He helps that agency purse enforcement action against Boston immigrants charged with minor offenses, such as driving without a valid license.  

Disturbingly, Mr. Gallagher even received an ICE detainer for a Boston immigrant attached with the message “Happy hunting”. In response to the release of this report, Massachusetts ACLU lawyer Laura Rótolo noted that the documents published “directly contradict” public statements and promises by public officials who have stated that Boston police officers will not act as federal immigration agents. 

Officer Removed, Mayor Walsh Says the Relationship is Under Review

Following the publishing of the WBUR News report, there has been some action by the Boston Police Department and other city government officials. To start, Mr. Gallager has been stripped from his role as the ICE liaison for the Boston Police Department. In addition, Mayor Walsh has indicated that his office will be investigating and reviewing the relationship between ICE and Boston Police. 

Mayor Walsh acknowledged that the documents obtained raise some questions and he reaffirmed his commitment to ensuring that the city’s police department will only cooperate with ICE in certain circumstances. While these are certainly important statements by Mayor Walsh, it is also clear that more needs to be done to ensure that our city’s law enforcement officers are protecting every member of the community, regardless of their immigration status. 

Speak to Our Boston Immigration Attorney Right Away

At the Law Office of Joshua L. Goldstein, PC, our Massachusetts immigration lawyer is a strong, skilled advocate for immigrant rights. If you or someone you know needs legal help, please call our Boston office at (617) 722-0005 to get a confidential consultation. We represent clients in Boston and throughout the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

 

Representing Thousands of Affected Immigrants, a Massachusetts Civil Rights Group is Suing to Stop the Trump Administration’s Fast-Track Deportation Policy

According to reporting from CBS Boston, the Lawyers for Civil Rights—a Boston-based legal organization—has filed a federal lawsuit against the Trump Administration in order to protect immigrants in Massachusetts and around the country. The legal complaint was filed on behalf of two immigrant rights advocacy groups: Centro Presente and Pioneer Valley Workers Center—both of which advocate for thousands of members who will be directly affected by the Trump Administration’s proposed policy. Here, our Boston deportation lawyers highlight the most important things that you need to know about this lawsuit. 

Understanding the Trump Administration’s Expedited Removal Plan

Through expedited removal as it is currently constituted, undocumented immigrants who are detained within 100 miles of the United States border can be deported on a ‘fast track’. In practice, this means that these immigrants are often ordered deported from the United States without obtaining professional legal representation and without receiving an official court hearing. Further, the expedited removal offers very limited appeal rights. 

In July of 2019, the Trump Administration issued new guidelines seeking to radically expand the coverage of expedited removal. Under the new fast track deportation policy proposed by the Trump Administration, any undocumented immigrant in the United States could be ordered removed on an expedited basis unless they can prove at residency in the United States for over two years. To be clear, the Trump Administration’s expedited removal policy would apply in every jurisdiction in the country, including in Massachusetts. 

A Lawsuit to Protect Immigrant Rights

It is worth clarifying what exactly the administration is attempting to do with this policy: President Trump is maneuvering to put all undocumented immigrants at risk of immediate deportation. This is a direct effort to take away the standard due process protections provided by United States immigration law. As explained by Iván Espinoza-Madrigal, the Executive Director for the Boston-based civil rights organization Lawyers for Civil Rights (LCR), this latest attack on immigrant rights “puts all of our communities in jeopardy and stokes unnecessary fear.”

The lawsuit filed by the civil rights groups seeks to protect and preserve immigrant rights. An expanded expedited removal policy would deny many immigrants an opportunity to have a full hearing. In most cases, expedited removal begins—and ends— with an evaluation conducted by an immigration officer. The immigrant in question can then be placed on the path towards deportation without having an opportunity to ever make their case in an immigration court. 

Discuss Your Case With Our Boston, MA Immigration Lawyers Right Away

At the Law Office of Joshua L. Goldstein, PC, our skilled Boston deportation defense lawyers are tireless and effective advocates for immigrant rights. You only have a limited amount of time to raise defense against deportation. If you or someone you know is facing deportation, please call us at (617) 722-0005 to set up fully confidential initial consultation. From our conveniently located law office in the heart of Boston, we represent clients throughout the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

Devastating News: Boston Immigrants With ‘Special Medical Status’ May Soon Be Ordered to Leave the Country

On August 26th, 2019, WBUR reported that United States Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) has been sending out notification letters stating that the agency is no longer going to consider deportation waivers for immigrants with serious medical issues. Instead, these matters will be handled by Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE).   

Evidence that Policy Has Changed in Boston

Currently, there is considerable confusion surrounding this issue. The federal government has not publicly announced any official changes to the medical waiver program. However, there is substantial evidence coming from communities all around the greater Boston area that suggests that there have been major changes. 

Anthony Marino of the Irish International Immigrant Center told reporters from WBUR that last week nearly a half dozen of his clients — people with medical conditions that are generally approved for deportation waivers — received virtually identical denial letters. 

Within these letters, one of which was obtained and printed by WBUR, there is language that suggests that USCIS is ending the medical deferral program altogether. This comes despite the fact that nothing has been officially announced and many families are living with deep stress and frustration. 

A Potential Death Sentence for Immigrants

It is impossible to overstate the cruelty and callousness of this type of sudden policy shift. As explained in a report from the Boston Globe, sick children who are patients at Boston-area children’s hospitals are now facing potential removal from the United States. An advocate bluntly states in the story that our government is handing these children a “death sentence.” In several cases reported on by WBUR, undocumented immigrant parents of chronically ill children have received the impending deportation letters.  

Putting a Human Face on the Problem

MassLive published a story on this topic that helps to put a real human face on this problem. Jonathan Sanchez, a 16-year-old child, has been getting treatment for severe cystic fibrosis in the Boston Children’s Hospital for the last three years. His mother says that he has made significant progress during that time and that he was “nearly dying” when he first arrived for treatment. 

The family has reportedly received one of these letters from USCIS. They are now terrified that they are weeks away from facing deportation from the United States — and the potential loss of necessary and life saving medical care for their young son. This is horrific. Our law firm will closely monitor this issue for updates. 

Set Up a Case Evaluation With Our Boston, MA Immigration Attorney Right Away

At the Law Office of Joshua L. Goldstein, PC, our top-rated Massachusetts immigration lawyers are committed to achieving successful results for our clients. We handle the complete range of immigration law matters. For a fully private immigration consultation, please call us now at (617) 722-0005. With an office location in Boston, we serve clients all around the region, including in Brookline, Waltham, Framingham, Lowell, Lawrence, Salem, Brockton, Somerville, and Newton. 

 

Boston Mayor Marty Walsh Supports Immigrants, Stands Behind Newly Amended ‘Trust Act’

As reported by WGBH, Boston Mayor Marty Walsh recently told Boston Public Radio that immigrants should be able to feel safe in our city. The mayor’s statements came after rumors swirled that U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), under the instructions of the Trump Administration, was preparing to launch major raids in dozens of cities across the country — including in Boston. 

However, Mayor Walsh and Boston Mayor’s Office for Immigrant Advancement Director Yusufi Vali confirmed that there was no evidence of unusual deportation raids in the city. In addition, the Mayor also reaffirmed his support for the Boston Trust Act — a local law that was recently amended to clarify that the Boston Police Department will not act as an immigration enforcement agency. 

The Boston Trust Act: Explained

Passed unanimously by the City Council in 2014, the Boston Trust Act is a local ordinance that seeks to ensure that all immigrants are able to fully and completely participate in economic life and civil life in Boston. Among other things, the Trust Act limits cooperation between city law enforcement agencies and law enforcement officers and federal immigration agents. It is sometimes referred to as Boston’s sanctuary city statute.  

However, there have been some serious questions raised about the viability of the Boston Trust Act — especially in the light of the harsh actions that have been taken by the Trump Administration to undermine immigrant rights. 

In June of 2019, city officials, supported by Mayor Walsh, filed amendments to make the Boston Trust Act significantly stronger. Specifically, the amendments make it clear that local law enforcement officers in Boston will not arrest someone based solely on their immigration status. In Boston, the police will not make an immigration arrest unless a court order in place.

ICE Can Still Conduct Operations in Sanctuary Cities

It should be made clear that local sanctuary status is not a blanket protection against federal enforcement action. 

Boston is one of nearly a dozen cities and towns in the state of Massachusetts that identify as a ‘sanctuary’ jurisdictions for undocumented immigrants. The Boston Police Department is focused on handling local matters — not handling federal immigration issues. Still, sanctuary laws like the Boston Trust Act, as important as they are, will not always prevent ICE from conducting raids. 

If you or your loved one was arrested or detained by ICE in Massachusetts, immediate action is a must. It is imperative that you reach out to an experienced Boston, MA immigration attorney as soon as possible. 

Discuss Your Case With Our Boston, MA Immigration Lawyer Today

At the Law Office of Joshua L. Goldstein, PC, our Boston immigration attorney is a compassionate and committed advocate for clients. We handle the full range of immigration cases, including defense against deportation or removal. To schedule a strictly confidential immigration consultation, please call us today at (617) 722-0005. With a law office in Boston, we serve communities throughout the state of Massachusetts. 

 

Undocumented Immigrants in Massachusetts are Fighting for the Right to Get a Driver’s License

According to the most recent information provided by the National Conference of State Legislators (NCSL), undocumented immigrants are eligible to apply for a driver’s license in 12 different U.S. states. Unfortunately, Massachusetts is not one of these states.

A group of activists is pushing to make a change. As reported by Inequality.org, the Pioneer Valley Workers’ Center is part of a statewide coalition pushing for reforms to the Massachusetts driver’s licensing standards. Here, our Boston, MA immigration attorney explains why all adults should be allowed to apply for a driver’s license, regardless of immigration status.

We are a Car-Based Society: 80 Percent of Workers in Massachusetts Drive to their Job

Perhaps more than any other developed country in the world, the United States is an automobile-based society. As noted by Inequality.org in their report on this issue, nearly eight in 10 Massachusetts workers indicate that they typically drive get to their job. For people who live outside the City of Boston, the percentage is even higher than that. Preventing a person from getting a driver’s license dramatically reduces their economic opportunities and their ability to support themselves, their family, and their community.

Undocumented Immigrants Should Be Able to Drive Without Fear

No one wants to be pulled over. For undocumented immigrants, the fear associated with a traffic stop is exponentially higher. In many cases, that initial stop, and the lack of a driver’s license, will eventually lead to deportation proceedings. Even a simple stop for something like rolling through a stop sign could result in criminal charges for driving without a license, and, subsequently, removal from the United States.

As explained by Andrea Schmid, an organizer who works at the Pioneer Valley Workers’ Center, it is “very easy” for undocumented immigrants to get caught up in the system simply because they lack the ability to get a driver’s license. If you are caught driving without a license in Massachusetts, you could face an arrest and criminal charges. In many cases, this is what triggers deportation.

The Proposal: Pass the Work and Family Mobility Act

Activists and organizers are pushing Massachusetts legislators to support a bill called the Work and Family Mobility Act. Essentially, this law would allow undocumented immigrants in Massachusetts to obtain an ordinary driver’s license — one that is no different than the one that is issued to any other driver in Massachusetts. This would help increase economic opportunities for undocumented immigrants and reduce fear from the Trump Administration’s draconian immigration policies. Notably, similar legislation has already proven to be very effective in other states, including in California, Maryland, Connecticut, and Vermont.

We Support Immigrant Rights in Massachusetts

At the Law Office of Joshua L. Goldstein, PC, we are proud to support immigrant and immigrant rights in Massachusetts. Our top-rated Boston immigration has more than fifteen years of experience handling the full range of immigration law matters. To set up a strictly confidential immigration law consultation, please contact our law firm right away.

Two Massachusetts Prosecutors Sue Trump Administration Over Courthouse Immigration Arrests

According to reporting from Boston.com, two of the top prosecutors in Massachusetts have filed a joint lawsuit against the federal government, challenging the Trump Administration’s authority to conduct immigration enforcement operations at courthouses. This action comes days after a Massachusetts judge was indicted for allegedly helping an undocumented immigrant escape out the backdoor of a state courthouse to avoid ICE. Here, our Boston immigration attorney provides an overview of the lawsuit and explains why ICE courthouse raids make our community less safe.

The Legal Argument: Violation of the Constitutional Right to Access Courts

The lawsuit — which is reported to be the first of its kind in the country — was filed by Rachael Rollins, the District Attorney for Suffolk County and Marian Ryan, the District Attorney for Middlesex County. In their complaint, they raise a number of different legal arguments against the federal government.

Most importantly, they argue that the Trump Administration’s policy of conducting immigration enforcement operations at Boston-area courthouses has the effect of denying many community members their constitutional right to reasonably access the courts.

When immigrants fear the possibility of an ICE raid, they are simply much less likely to participate in the legal process at all— even though they may be witnesses to the crime or even the victim of the crime. District Attorney Marian Ryan stated in a press conference that she has recently had multiple criminal cases disrupted because of this issue.

Courthouse Enforcement Operations Make Our Community Less Safe

In far too many cases, crime victims are unable to access justice because witnesses are too afraid of deportation to participate in court proceedings. Getting justice for the community requires making state and federal courts a safe space from U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) raids and other enforcement operations. Officials in other states, including in New York and in California, have also taken action to limit the ability of federal immigration officers to conduct enforcement operations in courthouses.

Notably, the lawsuit filed by District Attorney Rollins and District Attorney Ryan comes just days after a Massachusetts judge was arrested for allegedly helping an undocumented immigrant evade an ICE agent inside a courthouse. As reported by National Public Radio (NPR), Judge Shelley Richmond Joseph of the Newton District Court was charged with obstruction of justice by federal prosecutors in Massachusetts after she allegedly helped an undocumented immigrant slip out of the back door while an ICE agent was waiting in the front of the courthouse. A now-retired court officer was also charged in the case. They both have pleaded not guilty.

Get Help From Our Boston, MA Immigration Attorney Today

At the Law Office of Joshua L. Goldstein, PC, our Boston immigration attorneys are committed to providing exceptional legal representation to immigrants and their family members. We are strong advocates for immigrant rights in Massachusetts.

To set up a fully confidential review of your case, please do not hesitate to contact us today at (617) 722-0005. From our office in Boston, we represent clients throughout the region including in Suffolk County, Middlesex County, and Norfolk County.

 

Los Angeles 7-Eleven Stores Raided By ICE Agents, No Warrants Were Presented

On the morning of January 10th, 2018, federal immigration agents raided 7-Eleven store locations in nearly two dozen states across the country. According to reporting from the Los Angeles Times, several 7-Eleven stores in Southern California were among those that were subject to the immigration raids.

Questions are now being raised over whether or not California law was properly followed by employers. California State Assemblyman David Chiu (D-San Francisco) informed reporters that he will be asking the California Attorney General Xavier Becerra and the California Labor Commissioner’s office to investigate this situation to ensure that there was full compliance with the requirements of California law.

California Employers Must Request a Judicial Warrant From Immigration Officers

On October 5th of 2017, Governor Jerry Brown signed Assembly Bill No. 450 (AB-450) into law. This legislation put restrictions on employer cooperation with immigration enforcement agents at California worksites. The law became effective as of January 1st, 2018. Among several other things, AB-450 bars California employers from voluntarily giving federal immigration agents access to their premises. Specific provisions include:

  1. A requirement that employers seek a judicial warrant from ICE agents;
  2. A mandate that employers give notice to workers if certain type of immigration enforcement action is set to occur; and
  3. The creation of penalties for any violation of these rules.  

The goal of this law is to provide enhanced protections to immigrants in California. This has become an especially important issue as additional threats to immigrant rights have come from the Trump Administration.

Warrants Were Not Served at the Southern California 7-Eleven Stores

According to the information in the reporting from the Los Angeles Times, ICE did not obtain judicial warrants before conducting raids at the 7-Eleven stores. Instead, a spokesperson for ICE stated that officers served these stores with I-9 inspection notices. This has raised serious questions about whether or not California law was followed by the employers.

Workplace Raids May Be Increasing

Workplace raids have long been a tactic used by immigration enforcement agencies. While this type of aggressive action was used less frequently during the Obama Administration, the recent 7-Eleven raid indicate that workplace immigration enforcement raids may be making a return. On January 15th, 2018, The New York Times published a well-sourced story suggesting that the Trump Administration plans to increase the use of job-site raids in the coming months. This is an issue that must be watched closely. It is imperative that California employers follow state law and the immigrant communities are fairly protected.

Contact Our Immigration Lawyers Today

At the Law Office of Joshua L. Goldstein, PC, we represent people in immigration court who are facing deportation or removal from the United States. Our legal practice is dedicated to protecting the legal rights of immigrants and their families. For immediate assistance, please do not hesitate to contact us.

 

Selecting an Immigration Attorney

When you are going through the process of becoming an American citizen, there are many legal quandaries you might find yourself facing. Make these issues easier to tackle by working with an experienced immigration attorney. But you might feel overwhelmed when choosing an attorney amid the seemingly endless lists of individual and firm names your searches turn up. How can you know which attorney has the resources and the expertise to effectively help you with your case?

Use the following guidelines to direct your lawyer search. Finding the right attorney to handle your case can be difficult, but it is well worth the time and energy you put into it. Choosing an inexperienced or inadequate attorney can cost you money, time, and put you into a difficult legal position.

Read Reviews of Lawyers

In this day and age, it is easy to find reviews of lawyers and other professionals on the internet. Search Google Reviews, Avvo.com, and any other review website you can find that has information about a prospective attorney from clients who have worked with him or her in the past. You can find out approximately what his or her services cost and how well previous clients felt he or she handled their cases. Do not believe everything you read online, but do take these reviews into consideration when you interview prospective attorneys.

Choose an Attorney who is Responsive

You want to work with a lawyer who cares as much about your case as you do. Lawyers show their dedication to their clients by responding to their phone calls and emails in a timely manner. If you do not receive a response from an attorney or his or her office within 24 hours or so of inquiring, this could indicate that he or she will not be responsive about your case later.

Talk About Money

Although you might have been told that it is rude to discuss money, you need to discuss it with an attorney you are considering hiring. Ask your attorney for an approximate quote for your case before you begin to work with him or her. He or she might not be able to give you an exact price, especially if he or she bills by the hour, but your attorney should be willing to come up with a quote and talk to you about how he or she reached that figure. Be wary of attorneys who are not willing to discuss how they come up with prices or attempt to brush off any questions about money you ask – you could find yourself facing a much steeper bill than you initially imagined.

Work with an Immigration Attorney

To work with an immigration attorney who has the knowledge and experience to help you, contact The Law Offices of Joshua L. Goldstein, P.C. to set up your legal consultation today. Attorney Josh Goldstein has significant experience working with immigrants on America’s East and West coasts, and everywhere between, and can help you through the legal issue you are facing. Do not wait to make the call – contact The Law Offices of Joshua L. Goldstein, P.C. today.

How to Prepare your Fiancee Visa Online

With the advent of online dating, it has become more common than ever to fall in love with somebody who lives in another country. After traveling across the world to get to know each other better, you might reach the point of deciding that you want to spend the rest of your life with this individual and that you want to spend that shared life here in the United States. To make this scenario a reality, your partner needs to be legally authorized to enter the United States with a Fiancee Visa.

You might have heard disparaging stories about “mail order brides” and people getting married “just for the green card.” Although there is some truth to these stories, they are far from representative of all international couples. If you intend to marry an individual who currently resides in another country and you want him or her to eventually become a citizen of the United States, you need to go through the necessary steps of obtaining a Fiancee/Fiance Visa so he or she can legally enter and remain in this country. To ensure that you complete each step correctly and prevent legal difficulties with this process, work with an experienced immigration attorney.

Coming to the United States to Marry

Once an individual enters the United States using a K-1 visa, he or she must marry his or her sponsor within 90 days. Once the couple is married, the spouse who came on the K-1 visa is granted a two-year conditional green card. If he or she is still in a stable marriage with his or her sponsor spouse once these two years pass, he or she is eligible for a 10-year green card, at which point he or she may begin the naturalization process to become a United States citizen.

How to Complete the Process

Applying for a K-1 visa can be done online through the following steps. It can also be completed by completing physical copies of the necessary forms and mailing them to United States Citizenship and Immigration Services.

  1. The sponsor must file Form I-129F on behalf of his or her foreign partner. This is done in conjunction with Form I-134, an Affidavit of Support;
  2. Once this is approved, the fiance may apply for a K-1 visa through the United States Department of State, Bureau of Consular Affairs. To do this, he or she must work with his or her local United States Embassy office;
  3. The applicant must then complete the following forms:
  • DS-156, Nonimmigrant Visa Application;
  • DS-156K, Nonimmigrant Fiance Visa Application; and
  • DS-230, Application for Immigrant Visa and Alien Registration.

These forms must also be filed with the United States Department of State. Along with these forms, the applicant must then undergo a medical examination and provide a valid passport, two passport photos, and documentation showing his or her relationship with his or her sponsor;

  1. Once all of the above forms are submitted, the applicant must complete an interview with his or her local United States Consulate or Embassy. Typical interview questions he or she may be required to answer include:
  • How did you meet your fiance?
  • When, if ever, have you met your fiance in person?
  • What type of work does your fiance do? The applicant may also be asked other questions about his or her fiance’s job, such as the city where his or her job is located and his or her position at the company.
  • Have you been to the United States in the past?
  • When are you going to have your wedding?
  • Does your fiance have children? Like with the question above about his or her fiance’s career, an applicant may be required to answer questions about his or her fiance’s children’s names and ages.
  • Why are you getting married in the United States rather than in your home country?

Work with a Los Angeles Immigration Lawyer

If you plan to have your partner come to the United States to marry you and begin your shared life here together, familiarize yourself with the process of obtaining a K-1 visa and determining what you need to do to move forward with this process. Speak with an experienced Los Angeles K-1 lawyer to minimize your chance of facing legal difficulties with this process. Contact The Law Offices of Joshua L. Goldstein, P.C. to schedule your initial legal consultation with our firm today.

Academic and Student Visas in Los Angeles

The United States has some of the best colleges and universities in the world. The University of California Los Angeles (UCLA), Stanford University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), and the Ivy League institutions on the East Coast all draw students and academics from around the world with their ample educational and research opportunities.

But for an individual from outside the United States to study at one of these institutions or any other college or university in the United States, he or she must obtain the proper student or academic visa to do so. Visas are the documents that permit individuals to enter and remain in countries where they are not citizens. Having the wrong visa or allowing your visa to expire can cause you to be deported from the United States. Work with an experienced immigration lawyer to obtain the correct visa for your circumstance and to handle any legal issues related to your visa that you face during your time in the United States.

F-1 Visa

An F-1 visa is a visa for students who come to the United States to study at the secondary or post-secondary level. This type of visa remains valid for as long as it takes the student to complete his or her diploma or degree.

To qualify for an F-1 visa, the student must be enrolled in his or her course of study full-time and the school he or she attends must be approved by United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement in compliance with the Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS).

M-1 Visa

Students who are interested in completing in non-academic education programs such as language programs, mechanical or technical studies, and culinary programs can come to the United States using an M-1 visa. This type of visa is valid for one year. However, students can extend this type of visa for up to three years if they need this amount of time to complete their coursework.

J-1 Visa

Professors, research scholars, and primary and secondary school teachers may come to the United States using a J-1 visa. This type of visa exists to promote the exchange of ideas, promote collaboration between academics, and share findings across national borders. This type of visa is also known as a Temporary Exchange Visitor Visa.

Individuals who are in the United States on a J-1 visa to teach or conduct research may remain in the United States for up to five years and 30 days.

International medical graduate students may also enter the United States using J-1 visas. Individuals in this group are permitted to remain in the country for up to seven years, with an additional 30 days to prepare to leave the United States at the end of this term. Individuals who cannot complete their medical training programs in seven years may receive visa extensions under certain circumstances.

Individuals who intern at American companies based in the United States may also use a J-1 visa to enter and remain in the country. For an intern, a J-1 visa is valid for up to one year. An intern must be enrolled in a university-level degree program in his or her home country during the internship or complete the internship within one year of his or her graduation.

B-1 and B-2 Visas

This final category of visa is meant for individuals who come to the United States for very short periods. Although this is not usually the type of visa sought by a prospective student or scholar, it can sometimes be the right choice. This type of visa is often sought by individuals who come to the United States to participate in a short, non-academic course such as a conversational language class or those who come to the country to attend an academic conference or convention. A B-1 or B-2 visa is not meant for individuals who plan to earn college credit while in the United States.

Work with a Los Angeles Immigration Attorney

There are many opportunities for students and academics in the United States. Take advantage of these opportunities by studying or researching at one of our esteemed institutions. But to do this, you will need the correct type of visa for your purposes here. Work with Los Angeles student visa lawyer Joshua L. Goldstein to obtain the correct visa and avoid facing legal troubles that can result in you being deported during your time here. Contact our firm today to schedule your initial legal consultation.

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